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What do jacquard, printing and embroidery mean in home textiles? What's the difference?

2023-07-20 00:00:00 40

In order to increase the richness and artistry of bedding styles and meet the diverse needs of customers, home textile brands will add some pattern designs on the basis of raw materials, and then use printing, jacquard, embroidery and other techniques to present the design drawings on the bedding.

The three crafts are different, and the effect of the pattern style is obviously different, which will also have a certain impact on the properties of the fabric. Therefore, different crafts have become the unique selling points of bedding products. Therefore, when we buy bedding products, we will also hear such introductions from shopping guides. Product: This is a jacquard/print/embroidery kit...

What are the characteristics of each of these three, and what is the difference? Today I will give you a detailed introduction.

Printing—dye/pigment printing and dyeing pattern

Printing is the most common bedding pattern design process in home textiles. It is often used for bedding of 40 count or less. There are two types: pigment printing and reactive printing.

Pigment printing is a printing and dyeing process that directly covers the surface of the fabric with a mixture of paint and adhesive. On the reverse side, there are only a small amount of dyeing traces, and the paint particles are relatively large, so the printed area feels slightly harder and thicker than the unprinted area, and the air permeability is relatively poor. Because of the adhesive, the printing part will be sticky, the color fastness is low, and it is easy to fade.

Reactive printing is a printing and dyeing process that penetrates reactive dyes into fabric fibers, so clear printed patterns can be seen on both the front and back. Reactive printing does not require the addition of azo and adhesives, so it can be guaranteed to be harmless to the human body. The fabrics are often bright in color, have better color fastness, are not easy to fade, and are softer and more breathable.

Embroidery - colorful yarn embroidery pattern

Embroidery is also called embroidery. It has a history of more than 4,000 years in our country. As early as the Spring and Autumn Period, people have applied embroidery technology to the beautification of life. It can be said that it is one of the earliest techniques used in the beautification of bedding in my country. For 40-60 bedding.

Embroidery is similar to printing, and it is also a process of reprocessing on woven fabrics. Embroidery patterns are generally embroidered by silk/golden/matt light of different colors by hand or machine. Generally, embroidery techniques are used in relatively high-end products.

Compared with printing, embroidered bedding is less likely to fade when washed, and has better air permeability and moisture absorption. Therefore, in the case of the same fabric and the same area of embroidery/printing, the price of embroidery bedding will be higher.


Jacquard - embossed pattern

Different from printing and embroidery, jacquard is not a process for reprocessing on woven fabrics, but a process in which different colors of yarns are interlaced to form convex and concave patterns during the weaving process, which is common in high-end bedding products with more than 80 counts.

Jacquard technology is divided into jacquard and small jacquard. Jacquard is a pattern formed by hundreds of thousands of warp and weft yarns, which can be plain weave or satin weave; small jacquard is a pattern formed by using two or more weave changes. Weave, generally appearing as geometric plain/twill weave flowers.

The simple distinction is that jacquard is mostly flower-like patterns, and dobby is mostly simple geometric patterns such as stripes or lattices.

But whether it is jacquard or small jacquard, the jacquard machines used are all high-end machines, which are expensive and cannot be purchased by ordinary small brand manufacturers. Printed and embroidered bedding products are high quality, with better gloss, feel, quality and breathability.